Effects of tropical sea surface temperature (SST) errors on the Antarctic atmospheric circulation of HadCM3

first_imgThis paper investigate the large mean sea level pressure errors in the HadCM3 atmosphere-ocean global climate model around Antarctica and finds them to be caused by the sea surface temperature (SST) errors in the winter tropics. This teleconnection is explained by the warm tropical SST anomalies causing anomalous ascent which strengthens the Hadley circulation and increases the high-level (∼200hPa) divergence. This in turn interacts with the strong meridional gradient in absolute vorticity to generate Rossby waves that propagate polewards. By imposing SST anomalies, in the atmosphere only model, in different ocean basins it is shown that it is the SST errors over Indonesia and the eastern tropical Atlantic that are responsible for these wave trains; and hence, primarily responsible for the pressure anomalies. By contrast, a large SST error over the eastern tropical Pacific does not cause a wave train to be generated because it does not generate strong ascent. This study also demonstrates the difficulties in diagnosing errors within a coupled climate model since forcing, particularly in the tropics, may have a strongly non-local effect.last_img read more

Army allows West Point graduate to sign with Philadelphia Eagles

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailskynesher/iStock(NEW YORK) — A former West Point offensive tackle has been granted an exception by the Army in order to sign a three-year deal to play football for the Philadelphia Eagles, according to ESPN.Brett Toth, an Army second lieutenant, graduated from West Point as a nuclear engineer in May 2018 and has fulfilled his first year of active duty service. But an executive order from President Donald Trump has now allowed him to be recruited by the Eagles.On June 26, Trump issued an executive order that directed the Pentagon to develop a policy that authorizes new graduates of the service academies and ROTC programs to pursue professional sports immediately following graduation but prior to completing their service requirement.Under the old policy crafted by former defense secretary James Mattis, graduates were required to fulfill two years of commissioned service in the military before pursuing a professional sports career.“Such cadets and midshipmen have a short window of time to take advantage of their athletic talents during which playing professional sports is realistically possible,” Trump said in the executive order. “At the same time, these student-athletes should honor the commitment they made to serve in the Armed Forces in exchange for the extraordinary benefits afforded to them at taxpayer expense at the Academies or ROTC programs. A revised policy will benefit the student-athletes, the Academies and ROTC programs, and the Armed Forces.”The executive order gave the Pentagon 120 days to develop the new policy, which has yet to be implemented. But based on the directive, two military services have gone ahead and granted exceptions allowing their graduates to go pro.Prior to Toth’s exception, the Air Force last month signed an exception for long snapper Austin Cutting, a seventh-round pick of the Minnesota Vikings in the 2019 NFL draft.Army officials did not immediately respond to a request to comment on the exception signed for Toth.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Beau Lund August 16, 2019 /Sports News – National Army allows West Point graduate to sign with Philadelphia Eaglescenter_img Written bylast_img read more

News story: Scottish Secretary urges MPs to vote for PM’s Brexit deal

first_img The Prime Minister’s deal is a product of tough negotiation. It will mean an orderly Brexit which takes us out of the Common Fisheries Policy, guarantees EU citizens’ rights, ensures the vital transition period that businesses need, and lays the foundations for negotiating our long-term future trading relationship with the EU. It brings certainty, and that’s what the people I speak to want. It is what business leaders across Scotland have been calling for. It also avoids the kind of chaos and confusion nationalists crave because they believe it would strengthen their demand for a second independence referendum. I do not claim it is perfect – but it does achieve key objectives. If we do not back this deal, in just 74 days’ time the UK risks crashing out of the EU without a deal. Or we could be drifting towards a situation where we fail to respect the referendum result to deliver Brexit. Those are the real alternatives to leaving with the Prime Minister’s deal. Tomorrow’s vote is not about a lengthy wishlist of fanciful Brexit options. The real alternatives – no deal or no Brexit – are clear. I hope colleagues will reflect on that and support the Prime Minister’s deal. Speaking the day before [Monday 14 January 2019] the vote in the House of Commons, Mr Mundell said:last_img read more

Mike Gordon Band Performs “Stealing Jamaica” And “Victim” For AVC Sessions [Video]

first_imgPhish bassist Mike Gordon recently wrapped up a run of dates with his band (no, not Phish) in support of his fifth and latest solo album OGOGO. The current Mike Gordon Band lineup consists of guitarist Scott Murawski, keyboardist Robert Walter, percussionist Craig Myers and drummer John Kimock. The group performed three new tracks during a special AVC Sessions recently, including “Stealing Jamaica” and “Victim,” which can both be listened to below.Gordon will be back at Madison Square Garden with Phish for their upcoming New Year’s run from December 28th through 31st, and will head back on tour in 2018 with his solo outfit for a string of dates in January and February. Check out a full tour schedule here.[via AV Club]last_img read more

Melting pot of American cuisine

first_img Founding director Bunch recounts the creation of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture Related Walter C. Sedgwick can’t remember a time without ‘Prince Shōtoku at Age Two’ in his life In advance of her Harvard appearance, Leslie Jamison ’04 explores loss and renewal during a visit to the Museum of Broken Relationships in this excerpt from her new nonfiction collection Corn and chocolate, hot dogs and beer: We think of these foods as quintessentially American. But a new exhibit at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology shows that they actually reflect the wildly disparate origins our favorite foods. “Resetting the Table: Food and Our Changing Tastes,” which opened Nov. 16, takes a fresh look at dining and food production, exploring what our meals ­— and how they are served — reveal about us.Take corn and chocolate, for example, and consider a Central American greenstone carving on display. Depicting a Maya lord holding a staff from a cacao tree, it documents the ancient roots of these indigenous foods, which became essential ingredients in the American kitchen. A 19th-century engraving of enslaved people cutting sugar cane in the West Indies marks how another distinctive ingredient — sugar — came to our table through the labor of African Americans who, as cultivators, sellers, and cooks, both free and enslaved, “created distinctive American foodways,” said guest curator Joyce Chaplin, James Duncan Phillips Professor of Early American History. Another artifact, a 19th-century wine bottle from Germany, testifies to the contribution of foods from German-speaking immigrants, whom the curator identifies as the “ethnic group with the greatest number of American descendants.” These immigrants “gave us a host of things that now seem totally American,” she said, including hot dogs and beer.How these influences came together to reflect class and race is on display in the exhibit’s centerpiece, the re-creation of a 1910 restaurant dinner celebrating the end of the freshman year for the all-male, and likely all-white, Harvard Class of 1913. Staged on a large oak table (sourced from Widener library), each setting reveals a different course of the elaborate meal, ranging from locally sourced foods (Cotuit oysters) to a fancy European dessert (a mocha “tree” cake), all to be followed by cheese and, since there would be no “ladies” present and the “gentlemen” could indulge, cigarettes. French Champagne was served throughout.,“This was a high-end restaurant meal, a historically new way of advertising status through food” at that time, explained Chaplin “The menu and the trends it identified, particularly the social inequalities it revealed, became our centerpiece for exploring food history across the world and over 7,000 years.”Originally, said the curator, plans for the exhibit focused on changing tastes: “How certain foods become ‘delicious,’ how new food preferences form,” she said. Then the focus shifted to who eats those delicacies — and who serves them. “Who gets to eat sitting down at a table, with a clean napkin, and maybe waited on by others, is a big part of the story,” she said.Through that big central “meal” and the assembled artifacts, this exhibit aims to serve up all of that story. “This bigger history challenges the division among Harvard’s museums, in which European cultural artifacts are over in the Fogg Art Museum, while cultural artifacts from other places tend to be placed in the Peabody Museum,” said Chaplin. “The history of food doesn’t respect that division, which has tended to privilege European and Euro-American cultures as special. But anyone’s culture can, through the history of food, be analyzed ethnographically.”,That is why, she said, in addition to artifacts from the Peabody, the exhibit includes items from the Baker Library, Harvard Business School; Countway Library of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; General Artemas Ward House Museum; Harvard Art Museums; Harvard Law Library; Harvard University Archives; Harvard University Herbaria; Houghton Library; and the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study.“Food history is international and eventually global,” said Chaplin. She points out current trends in food service as an example: “Today, a lot of restaurant service work is done by people from Central America. Even in expensive restaurants featuring European cuisine, the people making that food are disproportionately from Latin America.” Such food workers, as well as new waves of immigrants, are constantly bringing new flavors to our table. For example, Middle Eastern dishes that might have seemed exotic 50 years ago — such as hummus — are supermarket staples today. Through such associations, diners keep memories of home alive, ultimately incorporating them into the cuisine of their new land.Some tastes, however, cannot be equaled. “My mother made jam from apricots from a tree in our backyard in California,” said Chaplin, sharing a favorite food memory. “Her mother made jam from blackberries from her garden in Oregon. Lucky me! Their preserves were delicious. But unluckily, whatever jam I eat now, it’s never as good as theirs.”“Resetting the Table: Food and Our Changing Tastes” will open Nov. 16 and run through Nov. 28, 2021.center_img Reunited with a ‘transcendent’ figure The story of a museum and of America Love stinkslast_img read more

Rape reported to NDSP

first_imgUpdated June 25A rape was reported to Notre Dame Security Police (NDSP) on May 17, according to Monday’s NDSP crime log. The alleged rape occurred in the library parking lot between March 1 and March 8, according to an updated entry in Thursday’s crime log.The report was later classified as ”Unfounded” according to an updated crime log on June 22. University spokesperson Dennis Brown said among all criminal cases reported to NDSP in 2017, less than 1 percent were determined to be unfounded.Information about sexual assault prevention and resources for survivors of sexual assault are available online from NDSP and the Title IX office.Tags: library lot, rape, sexual assaultlast_img read more

Fair trade certified sales up 30 percent in grocery stores

first_imgSOURCE: Fair Trade USA. OAKLAND, Calif., Oct. 14, 2010 /PRNewswire/ — Additionally, Maggie’s Organics has been working with Fair Trade USA to pilot a program that extends the protections and benefits of Fair Trade certification from the farm and into the factory. We anticipate that Maggie’s Organics will soon join Tompkins Point Apparel and Hae Now as the first-ever brands to sell Fair Trade Certified apparel. With this new label, consumers are able to vote with their dollars to support cotton farmers around the world and say no to sweatshops.In 2009, consumer and industry purchases generated more than $48 million in additional income and funding for education, health care, clean water and other vital social services to support the more than 1.2 million people in Fair Trade farming communities around the world.SPINS (www.spins.com(link is external)) is the first company to offer Natural Products sales data to the industry. Established in 1995, SPINS is now the premier provider of industry reporting and consulting services for this rapidly expanding sector. SPINS’ comprehensive offering includes retail measurement services, content-based reporting, consumer information and consulting services.Fair Trade USA (previously TransFair USA), a nonprofit organization, is the leading third-party certifier of Fair Trade products inthe United States. Fair Trade USA audits and certifies transactions between U.S. companies and their international suppliers to guarantee that the farmers and workers producing Fair Trade Certified goods were paid fair prices and wages, work in safe conditions, protect the environment, and receive community development funds to empower and uplift their communities. Fair Trade USA educates consumers, brings new manufacturers and retailers into the Fair Trade system, and provides farming communities with tools, training and resources to thrive as international businesspeople. Visit http://www.fairtradeusa.org(link is external) for more information.Editors Notes:Data for 52 weeks ending Sept 4, 2010; growth rates are over the prior 52 weeksData includes all food, drug, mass merchandisers and natural food stores; excludes Walmart, Whole Foods Markets and private labelsThe majority of Fair Trade Certified product sales come from coffee sold brewed, private label, Walmart and Whole Food Markets. Well-Known Brands Expand Fair Trade OfferingsBen & Jerry’s and Green & Black’s kicked-off the year by announcing they would convert 100 percent of their products to Fair Trade Certified ingredients;Green Mountain Coffee converted two of its top iconic blends’Our Blend and Vermont Country Blend’to Fair Trade;Choice Organic Teas, the first exclusively organic tea crafter in the United States and the first in the country to introduce Fair Trade Certifiedâ ¢ teas, has been selected to carry the Jane Goodall “Good For All” brand, featuring the name and image of Dr. Jane Goodall, DBE, with its new product line extension. Oothu Garden Green, Wild Forest Black, Decaffeinated English Breakfast, Rooibos Superfruit, and Yerba Mate Mint form an exceptional collection of flavorful teas.Frontier Natural Products Co-opâ ¢ introduces Simply Organic® Gluten-free Brownie mix. It’s all natural and built around great-tasting Fair Trade Certifiedâ ¢ organic cocoa.Glory Bee Foods introduces Fair Trade, organic honey available in 12 oz squeeze bears or raw packed in 18 oz glass jars.Whole Foods Markets adds six ready-to-drink, Fair Trade Certified 365 Everyday Value® teas. New Partners Featuring Fair Trade Certified ProductsTwinings continues its tradition of quality by offering a new line of fully Organic and Fair Trade Certified teas, hand-selected from the world’s finest tea gardens. Made without any artificial ingredients, Twinings Organic and Fair Trade Certified teas provide a natural and wholesome tea experience. Available in a variety of Blacks, Greens and Herbals.Tea Forte invites consumers to get in mint condition with launch of Fair Trade Certified MINTEAS, organic, functional tea mints for daily well-being. Delicious and refreshing Cacao Mate for energy, Ginger Pear with gingko for focus, Lemongrass Yuzu for relaxation, Lime Mojito for wellness and Matcha Chai for fitness. A convenient way for today’s on the go consumer to embrace a life of health and wellness.center_img Two Vermont companies are leading a surge in national sales of “fair trade” consumer products. Fair trade generally refers to agricultural products from Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and South America that ensures that farmers receive market value for their products and social justice for themselves. Fair Trade has generated significant momentum during 2010 in the United States. Ben & Jerry’s and Green & Black’s kicked-off the year by announcing they would convert 100 percent of their products to Fair Trade Certifiedâ ¢ ingredients; Green Mountain Coffee converted two of its top iconic blends’Our Blend and Vermont Country Blend’to Fair Trade; certified coffee imports were up 25 percent and 47 percent of all imports were also organic; Fair Trade cooperative CECOVASA was awarded the People’s Choice Award at the Specialty Coffee Association of America’s Cupping Competition; and the Fair Trade Towns USA campaign increased the number of official Fair Trade Towns from 13 to 20, including Boston.Fair Trade USA, the leading third-party certifier of Fair Trade products in the United States, celebrates National Fair Trade Awareness Month with a multitude of news announcements from household brand names to coincide with the Natural Products Expo East in Boston.And now SPINS, the first company to offer Natural Products sales data to the industry, has issued a report that builds on that strong foundation. SPINS reports that sales of Fair Trade Certifiedâ ¢ products at grocery stores grew by 30 percent this year, to$140 million, lead by growth in packaged coffee (44 percent), and ready-to-drink tea and coffees (51 percent).(1) Other notable double-digit contributors include the refrigerated juices & functional beverages category that was introduced in 2009 (98 percent), carbonated beverages (38 percent), chocolate candy (29 percent), and shelf stable functional beverages (10 percent). Frozen desserts are up eight percent and teas are up four percent, with cocoa and hot chocolate as the only category to experience a decline, down eight percent.This is yet more proof that even in tough economic times, consumers care. In 2009, the BBMG Conscious Consumer Report stated that three-fourths of consumers (77 percent) believe they can make a difference by buying products from socially and environmentally responsible companies, and two-thirds agreed that even in tough economic times it’s important to buy products with social and environmental benefits (4 point scale). And over half (51 percent) agreed that they are willing to pay more.Additionally, just in time for Natural Products Expo East, Fair Trade USA is proud to announce:What’s New(s)Honest Tea announced today that it is committed to expanding its Fair Trade Certifiedâ ¢ offerings to include its entire tea portfolio. In 2003, Honest Tea launched the first Fair Trade Certifiedâ ¢ bottled tea in the U.S. with its introduction of Peach Oo-la-long. Since then, the company has continued to increase its Fair Trade offerings. Over the past three years, Honest Tea expanded from seven to 19 varieties. With this new initiative, all 27 of its teas will be transitioned to Fair Trade Certifiedâ ¢ starting in December 2010. The company expects the transition to be completed by the end of the first quarter of 2011. (1) This data is for the 52 weeks ending Sept 4, 2010; growth rates are over the prior 52 weeksFair Trade Certification is currently available in the U.S. for coffee, tea and herbs, cocoa and chocolate, fresh fruit, sugar, rice, and vanilla.last_img read more

Former Garuda boss sentenced to eight years for bribery, money laundering

first_imgThe Jakarta Corruption Court has sentenced Emirsyah Satar to eight years in prison after finding the former president director of Garuda Indonesia guilty of accepting Rp 49.3 billion (US$3.4 million) in bribes and laundering Rp 87.5 billion related to aircraft procurement.The court has also fined Emirsyah Rp 1 billion and ordered S$2.1 million in restitution, as reported by Antara news agency.The sentence was smaller than what KPK prosecutors sought. They advocated for 12 years of imprisonment and a fine of Rp 10 billion based on Emirsyah having received bribes from British engineering company Rolls-Royce in connection with the procurement of aircraft parts and from European aviation giant Airbus in connection with aircraft procurement, among other sources. According to the verdict, one of the reasons for the lighter sentence was Emirsyah’s role in “bringing Garuda Indonesia recognition as a prestigious airline in the world.” Judge Anwar read the verdict during a hearing on Friday.Both the defendant and KPK prosecutors told the court they would take time to consider before appealing the verdict.Read also: After 3 years, KPK concludes probe into Rolls-Royce bribery case implicating ex-Garuda bossThe KPK indicted Emirsyah for accepting Rp 8.8 billion, US$882,200, 1 million euros and S$1.18 million in bribes on five separate occasions while procuring airplanes and parts. The antigraft body also named former Garuda engineering and management director Hadinoto Soedigno and former Garuda executive project manager Agus Wahjudo as Emirsyah’s co-conspirators under the bribery charge.The KPK accused Emirsyah of laundering Rp 87.4 billion through multiple channels and also implicated Soetikno Soedarjo, the former president director of diversified retail holding company PT Mugi Rekso Abadi.The antigraft body stated that a portion of the money was changed into several different foreign currencies and transferred to multiple overseas bank accounts in violation of Article 3 of the 2010 Money Laundering Law.Read also: Emirsyah Satar’s case not related with corporate activities: GarudaIn a separate hearing on Friday, the corruption court gave Soetikno six years in prison and a Rp 1 billion fine for bribing Emirsyah and contributing to the money laundering committed by the former Garuda president director.The verdict was lower than the KPK’s demand of 10 years in prison and a fine of Rp 10 billion. The bench did not grant prosecutors’ wish of US$14.7 million and 11.6 million euros in restitution for Soetikno.Soetikno and the antigraft body’s prosecutors said they would take time to consider before filing an appeal against the verdict. (kuk)Topics :last_img read more

Rosenberg WorleyParsons Bags Neptune Energy’s Nova Deal

first_imgNeptune Energy has awarded a contract to Rosenberg WorleyParsons for the construction and installation of a Nova topside module on the Gjøa platform in the North Sea.The Engineering, Procurement, Construction, Installation & Commissioning (EPCIC) contract is for the topside section of the Nova development.Wintershall as the operator of Nova has decided to develop the field with two subsea modules tied back to the Gjøa platform. The Gjøa platform is operated by Neptune Energy.The work starts immediately and is a continuation of the Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) phase already conducted by Rosenberg WorleyParsons.Neptune Energy’s country director for Norway, Anne Botne, said: “We are pleased to award such a significant contract to Rosenberg WorleyParsons, who have already delivered major milestones under the FEED phase of this important development project on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The tie-back from Nova validates our initial design for Gjøa as a hub for the wider area, and we look forward to continued cooperation with Wintershall and other project partners.”last_img read more

Spanking: A Valid Option for Parents

first_imgAmerican College of Pediatricians 7 November 2018Family First Comment: A more considered and balanced approach…“Compared to other corrective measures, using spanking to enforce milder tactics has been shown to result in less defiance and less aggression than 77% of alternative measures (including time-out) with these children. As conceded by the AAP statement authors, over 70% of parents today agree that “spanking is at times necessary in the discipline of young children. The AAP advice leaves parents helpless with the defiant, non-compliant child, removing a discipline option that can be very effective when selectively used.” www.protectgoodparents.nzThe American College of Pediatricians (ACPeds) takes issue with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recent statement, Effective Discipline to Raise Healthy Children, which declares all disciplinary spanking by parents to be harmful to children. This statement continues to rely upon poorly designed, biased studies, despite the ACPeds’ 2017 challenge to the AAP that their “Research on Disciplinary Spanking is Misleading.” It almost exclusively emphasizes what NOT to do (don’t ever spank) with little about how parents should respond to persistent misbehavior, especially when milder disciplinary measures haven’t worked.1 In the report, 18 paragraphs, all 7 bullet points, and almost all of the 4 policy recommendations focus on spanking without mentioning any alternative responses to misbehavior. This is hardly a statement on “effective discipline” and more a rant against spanking, in contrast to the far more comprehensive policy it replaces,2 and furthers the AAP’s baseless campaign against spanking by parents.Moreover, the diatribe against all spanking (“however light”, p. 2) seems based on advocacy efforts more than a fair objective summary of the scientific evidence. The Background section features the “Global Initiative to End all Corporal Punishment of Children” rather than objective scientific evidence about spanking and any alternative disciplinary measures that could replace it. Also, instead of considering all five summaries of available research on physical punishment published since 2000,3-7 the Policy Statement relies on the one opposed to all spanking, even though 96% of its evidence came from correlations and associations, rather than evidence of true causation.7 Only researchers who are advocating for a pre-determined conclusion would rely on correlations as their primary evidence in evaluating a corrective disciplinary procedure or even a corrective medical procedure.Young children need correction and, at times, punishment from their parents to learn appropriate behavior and self-control ─ key ingredients for their future success in life. For the more defiant and contrary young child, time-out and reasoning do not consistently work. Compared to other corrective measures, using spanking to enforce milder tactics has been shown to result in less defiance and less aggression than 77% of alternative measures (including time-out) with these children.4 As conceded by the AAP statement authors, over 70% of parents today agree that “spanking is at times necessary in the discipline of young children.” Executive member, Dr. Den Trumbull, states, “The AAP advice leaves parents helpless with the defiant, non-compliant child, removing a discipline option that can be very effective when selectively used.” Despite the recent avalanche of biased research against all physical punishment, evidence indicates ordinary spanking to be a valid and needed disciplinary option when 2- to 6-year-olds refuse to cooperate with milder measures.https://www.acpeds.org/spanking-a-valid-option-for-parentsKeep up with family issues in NZ. Receive our weekly emails direct to your Inbox.last_img read more