Corn ethanol production has minimal effect on cropland use, study shows

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Ethanol production has increased sharply in the United States in the past 10 years, leading to concerns about the expansion of demand for corn resulting in conversion of non-cropland to crop production and the environmental effects of this. However, a new study co-authored by a University of Illinois researcher shows that the overall effects of ethanol production on land-use have been minimal.The research, published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, looks at the effects of ethanol production capacity and crop prices on land use in the U. S. from 2007 to 2014.The increase in corn ethanol production has led to concerns that it would raise the price of corn and the demand for cropland; thus making it worthwhile to bring land that was not previously cultivated (such as grasslands) into production, says Madhu Khanna, a professor of agricultural and consumer economics at U of I.“Studies have simulated the crop price effects of producing 15 billion gallons of corn ethanol and shown that they could lead to large expansion in crop acres,” Khanna said. “We now have actual data on land-use change that has occurred since the ethanol expansion began in 2007 and can test whether the predictions of these models have held up. Interestingly, the raw data shows that although corn ethanol production more than doubled between 2007 and 2014, total cropland acres in 2014 were very similar to those in 2007 and the crop price index was lower in 2014 than in 2007.”Khanna and her co-authors, including Yijia Li, a graduate student at U of I and Ruiqing Miao from Auburn University, analyzed cropland data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service to explain the extent to which changes in cropland acres could be causally attributed to changes in crop prices and proximity to ethanol plants.“Establishment of an ethanol plant in a county can increase corn acres and total cropland acres by reducing grain transportation costs and increasing the net revenue from corn production, creating an incentive to plant more corn,” Khanna said. “Additionally, higher crop prices that accompany the expansion in ethanol production can also create incentives for increasing crop acres even in locations that do not have an ethanol plant in their vicinity.”Khanna adds that in examining the causes of changes in cropland acres that have taken place it is important to consider both of these effects. Previous studies have looked at one of the other, but not simultaneously at both.“Corn ethanol capacity went up from about 6 to 14 billion gallons between 2007 and 2014 and the number of plants doubled, from about 100 to about 200, so it’s a pretty dramatic increase,” Khanna said.There was also a sharp upturn in corn prices between 2008 and 2012, but by 2014 the prices were almost down to 2007 levels again. Khanna and her co-authors found that while crop prices had a greater effect than plant proximity, overall changes in land use were minimal over the seven years included in the study.And while the higher corn prices did lead to an 8.5% increase in corn production, most of that increase came from conversion of other crops rather than non-cropland.Total cropland increased by 2% between 2008 and 2012, so in the aggregate it was relatively small, Khanna said. “In fact, by 2014 a lot of the land which did convert into crops actually went back into non-crop, so the change in cropland, if you look at 2008 to 2014, was only by half a percent. We find that land use does respond to prices, but not by a lot.”Studies using satellite images of cropland to compare acres in 2008 and 2012 have suggested that there was a significant and irreversible increase in those acres, all attributed to corn ethanol. But a careful analysis of the data all the way to 2014 shows that the overall impact of corn ethanol production on increasing total crop acreage was very negligible.Moreover, the impact of crop price varied over time; it was a bit higher up to 2012 but then reverted almost back to previous levels in 2007-2008 by 2014 as crop prices dropped.“Our study shows that changes in land use should not be considered irreversible; as prices dropped after 2012, land reverted back to non-crop uses close to levels in 2007 and 2008,” Khanna said.The paper, “Effects of Ethanol Plant Proximity and Crop Prices on Land-Use Change in the United States,” was published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics and is available online. Authors include Yijia Li and Madhu Khanna, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics in the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences and the Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts Innovation, University of Illinois, and Ruiqing Miao, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Auburn University.last_img read more

Medical interns threaten State-wide strike in Maharashtra

first_imgWith their demand for a stipend hike yet to see the light of the day, medical interns in Maharashtra have threatened to launch a State-wide strike. In April and May last year, medical interns from across the State had similarly threatened to launch an indefinite strike if their stipend of ₹6,000 was not hiked. While they had received verbal assurance from the government, the Association of State Medical Interns (ASMI), that claims to represent over 5000 interns from 21 government medical colleges, said that the demand has not seen any movement since a year.The interns have sought a meeting with the State Minister of Medical Education, Girish Mahajan and the Directorate of Medical Education (DMER) officials before June 15.However, Dr. Tatyarao Lahane, director, DMER, said he has not received the letter yet and that they will make a request to the government after receiving the letter.“Internship is a part of the syllabus of their undergraduate course. Several States don’t even pay a stipend, but we do. The government will contemplate on whether to increase the stipend or not. We have already written to the government to increase their stipend. We will recommend their demand to the government once we receive their letter,” Dr. Lahane said.Mr. Mahajan remained unavailable for a comment. “Until 2005, medical interns in the State were paid ₹850 as stipend, that was then hiked to ₹2,500. In 2012, it was further hiked to ₹6,000. After the new government was elected, we have asked several times for a hike, but have not received it yet. We even took two follow-ups last year, but were told that the file is stuck in the finance department,” Dr. Hrushikesh Mankar (22), president, ASMI said.According to the interns, the present stipend amount falls insufficient for their travel and food expenses and that they have to struggle to make their ends meet.“Staying in cities like Mumbai is in itself a costly affair. As interns, we are placed in urban health centres that are far away from our college and hostel. We cannot ask our parents for money every now and then, as we also have a hefty educational fee to pay each year,” Dr. Mankar, a student of Topiwala National Medical College that is attached to the civic-run B.Y.L. Nair Hospital, said.last_img read more

Hellaro, Nooreh to open Indian panorama at 50th IFFI

first_imgUnion Minister for Information and Broadcasting, Prakash Javadekar on Sunday announced the 26 feature and 15 non-feature films, among the 250 films, which will be screened in the Indian panorama section at the 50th International Film Festival of India in Goa to be held from November 20 to 28 in Goa.The festival’s flagship section, which showcases a selection of contemporary Indian feature and non-feature films, will be opened by Abhishek Shah’s Gujarati movie, Hellaro, which won the best film at the 66th National Film Awards, in the feature category. Ashish Pandey’s Nooreh, which follows a young girl whose life is disrupted by daily crossfire at the India-Pakistan border in Kashmir, will open the non-feature category.The Panorama section’s jury was headed by filmmaker and screenwriter Priyadarshan (feature) and documentary filmmaker Rajendra Janglay (non-feature) this year. Other feature films include Lijo Jose Pellissery’s Malayalam film, Jallikkattu, which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival last month; Pradip Kurbah’s Khasi film, Iewduh; and Manju Borah’s Pangchenpa film, In The Land Of Poison Women.Mr. Javadekar said that this edition’s highlight will be screening of films with audio description for the visually impaired. He also announced that Russia will be the partner country of the festival this year. Israel was the country in focus last year. “Since this is the 50th year of the festival, we will also showcase a few films that were made in India more than five decades ago,” said Mr. Javadekar. Celebrating Amitabh Bachchan’s acting repertoire with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the festival will also present a retrospective of seven to eight films, spanning the actor’s five-decade-long career.last_img read more

Katropa fields Rice, try to catch up with leaders

first_imgTNT actually has a third player in Troy Rosario serving flag and country as he plays with a different Gilas crew that will be trying to retain the Southeast Asian Games gold medal in Kuala Lumpur.The Gilas five, which Castro and Pogoy are part of, was to play Lebanon for fifth place in the classification phase of the Fiba Asia Cup in Beirut at press time.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games opening“I hope so,” TNT coach Nash Racela said when it was pointed out that Rice has sparkling credentials as a scorer. “We will see in this [Rain or Shine] game. It will be a test for the whole team.”Rice had a good collegiate career with the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets before playing briefly for the Washington Wizards in the NBA. Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR LATEST STORIES He was MVP in the NBAD-League in the 2013 season after averaging 25 points and almost 10 rebounds in the playoffs for the Rio Grande Valley Vipers.The Texters will be coming off a 107-106 decision of Alaska more than a week ago.Meanwhile, GlobalPort tries to add to KIA Picanto’s woes in the 4:30 p.m. contest and start getting back in the playoff hunt.The Batang Pier will continue to be without the electrifying Terrence Romeo as they try to pin a sixth straight loss on the Picanto and push them closer to elimination.ADVERTISEMENT Can Team PH go beyond 50 golds? Glen Rice Jr. AP FILE PHOTOGoing for more offense with the twice-to-beat privilege in the PBA Governors’ Cup playoffs as the main objective, TNT KaTropa unveils Glen Rice Jr. against Rain or Shine on Sunday in an effort to keep the elimination round leaders in sight at Smart Araneta Coliseum in Cubao.The Texters suit up the son of former NBA All-Star Glen Rice in the 6:45 p.m. contest, who will try to plug the holes created by the absence of Gilas Pilipinas stalwarts Jayson Castro and RR Pogoy as they shoot for a second straight victory to stay in the upper half of the standings.ADVERTISEMENT Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’center_img Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ MOST READ View commentslast_img read more

Debate Begins On Child Diversion Bill

first_img Debate on the Child Diversion Bill began in the House of Representatives on Tuesday (January 30).The Bill seeks to enable the implementation of child diversion measures in dealing with children who come into conflict with the law.Minister of Justice, Hon. Delroy Chuck, in opening the debate, noted that among the main objectives of the Bill are: ensuring that every child in conflict with the law is treated in a manner that recognises and upholds human dignity and worth; diverting the child away from engaging in deviant and delinquent behaviours; and instilling in the child respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms of others.The Bill will also see to the establishment of a Child Diversion office; Child Diversion Committees; and a Child Diversion Oversight Committee. It also addresses the structure of the Child Diversion programme, the circumstances under which a child is to be referred, among other things.Child diversion is a process of implementing measures for dealing with children who are alleged, accused or recognised to have infringed the penal law, without resorting to the formal judicial proceedings.“Gone are the days when we ignore a child’s circumstances and focus only on the wrong that he or she did,” Mr. Chuck said.He noted that research indicates that factors contributing to the number of children before the court include lack of adequate parental guidance, mental health issues and poverty, adding that it is therefore crucial that solutions are implemented to address the issues impacting these children and a holistic approach be taken towards addressing the underlying factors.“In most cases, diversion of children provide greater benefit to the offender, the victim, and the society than the formal criminal justice process. The challenges faced by children in conflict with the law in Jamaica has brought into sharp focus the necessity for legislation which recognises and upholds the basic human rights of children who face the prospect of being deprived of their liberty,” Mr. Chuck said.He added that as a party to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Jamaica has a duty to put measures in place to deal with children who are accused of breaking the law, as they have the right to legal help and fair treatment in the justice system.A National Child Diversion Policy was tabled in 2015 after consultation with all major stakeholders in Government, civil society and non-governmental organisations. Through this policy, a formal framework was established for dealing with children in conflict with the law throughout the criminal justice system and sought to ensure that detention of a child offender as punishment for anti-social behaviour was a measure of last resort.One key objective of the policy was to develop the mechanism to not only divert children who come into conflict with the law, but also to empower them to become responsible and productive citizens through the use of methodologies which are consistent with restorative justice practices. Child diversion is a process of implementing measures for dealing with children who are alleged, accused or recognised to have infringed the penal law, without resorting to the formal judicial proceedings. One key objective of the policy was to develop the mechanism to not only divert children who come into conflict with the law, but also to empower them to become responsible and productive citizens through the use of methodologies which are consistent with restorative justice practices. Debate on the Child Diversion Bill began in the House of Representatives on Tuesday (January 30). Story Highlightslast_img read more

STRAY DOG ACTION PLAN COMING FOR PROVO

first_img Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 19 Nov 2014 – The stray dog problem also came up in the House of Assembly, the ministerial statement of the Minister of Environment and Home Affairs explained that this month will see the launch of an emergency action plan. The plan for Provo is awaiting approval explained Minister Amanda Missick and it was confirmed that dog traps are now in country. “…we owe a debt of gratitude to the Grand Turk Cruise Center for their generous assistance toward this project. This will assist the Department of Agriculture in containing the stray dog situation.” During 2013 it was exposed that members of the public were not only being increasingly irresponsible pet owners but destroying the traps. While Grand Turk, the Cruise Port capital of the country is seeing the feral dog problem already being checked, there is an alarming increase in complaints about stray dogs from islands like South Caicos and North Caicos. Once started, the emergency action plan for Provo will run until March next year. PNP Party takes credit for Beaches pier resolution Related Items:amanda missick, grand turk cruise center, Minister of Environment and Home Affairs, stray dog Cruise Ship suspected of Norovirus due to dock in Grand Turk Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp PNP Party says it led wooden pier removal by Beacheslast_img read more

Police plan to Update on Howell murder and more today

first_img Police update on Friday 13 snorkel death in Provo Police read for kindergarten children as part of school program Bishop says peace & prosperity is everybody’s responsibility at Law Enforcers Church Service Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Related Items:autopsy, conrad howell, post-mortem, rodney adams, Royal Turks and Caicos Islands Police Force, update Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 18 Sept 2015 – The Royal Turks and Caicos Islands Police Force is expected to host a press conference later today, where media is expecting to hear updates and progress of the Police investigation on the death of Rev. Dr. Conrad Howell.Acting Commissioner of Police Rodney Adams on Monday, told media that Howell’s death has not been classified as a murder that is being considered a ‘suspicious death’.An autopsy for the late Rev. Dr. Conrad Howell is now complete but details of that post-mortem will only be shared publicly upon the discretion of the Commissioner of Police.last_img read more

Monetizing Digital Editions Can AutoServed Ads Work

first_imgAs adoption of digital editions grows, so too do the attempts to monetize those editions. The publishers of Used Boat Watch, a new buyer’s guide published on the Blue Toad platform, said the digital edition is generating just shy of $1,000 per page on its listings and that advertisers seem to be willing to pay about 10 percent of what they pay for print ads.Another digital magazine platform, iMirus, is rolling out iMirus Dynamic Ads, a service that automatically serves ads from online ad networks into the digital edition, potentially creating additional revenue for the publisher. The program is generating interest among iMirus clients, but other vendors in this space claim to offer similar services and question whether the CPMs and type of ads generated by an auto-serve system are worth it for publishers. How it WorksThe iMirus Dynamic Ads program delivers advertising to digital editions in three ways: IAB-compliant ads can be pulled from ad networks and placed in the digital edition; ads can be pulled from the publisher’s Web site and delivered to the digital edition via an invocation code that determines placement; and publishers can upload ads directly into iMirus’ AdBox server. The dynamically served ads can run as a leader board on top of a page within the digital edition or flow directly into a new page.For ads culled from ad networks, iMirus splits a revenue percentage with the ad network and then shares 50 percent of the remainder with the publisher. For ads sold by the publisher and then either pulled from the Web site or placed directly into AdBox, iMirus takes a $2.00 CPM service charge. “Publishers may ask, ‘If I’m selling the ad, why should I share the revenue?’” said president and CEO Chris Riggs. “We’re providing a vehicle to extend more ad impressions that the publisher otherwise wouldn’t have.” So far, iMirus has one client—Business Traveler—committed to using the Dynamic Ads program with its next issue with interest from others. What About CPMs? Other vendors in the hyper-competitive digital magazine space say they offer similar services for auto-served ads but advise publishers to be aware that the CPMs generated with auto-delivery aren’t typically impressive and that they should instead focus on package buys, sponsored issues and ads sold directly into the issue. “IAB or other sized ‘inserted ads’ are another way to increase revenue and weoffer this too,” said Cimarron Buser, Texterity’s senior vice president of marketing and business development. One of Texterity’s clients, Driver’s Republic, features IAB ad units served inside the digital edition; another, Chain Store Age, has ads served “around” the digital edition with IAB units such as leaderboards and skyscrapers. “But the CPMs are typically lower,” Buser said. “If you get a $10.00 CPM with a dynamically served ad, I’m impressed. If it’s $1.00 or $2.00, I’d say that’s more like it.” Nxtbook has demoed similar technology in its media kit but questions whether dynamic ads are a good fit for publishers. “The ad network medium is one that relies on CPMs, yet the one area where digital magazines usually fail against Web sites is in CPMs,” said Nxtbook marketing director Marcus Grimm. “Digital magazines deliver engagement time and click-throughs better than Web sites, but not CPM’s. It’s like putting snow tires on a Ferrari and wondering why it doesn’t perform in the snow. We do have many publishers that are curious about using the technology, but they want to use it for their own niche advertisers so they can charge premium rates and track the ads. Giving up that space to an ad network is a great way to give up ‘digital dollars’ for ‘digital dimes,’ in my experience.”Riggs said there is a big difference between the earning potential of ads pulled from networks and those sold directly by the publisher. “CPMs for ads from the ad network are most likely between $1.00 and $5.00,” he said. “If the distribution of the digital edition is not that high, it won’t create the page impressions which create ad impressions that generate revenue. If you’re looking at a typical cost of say, $1,000 per issue, you would need a certain open rate and number of impressions to generate a high enough CPM to at least break even. But publishers that have the ability to sell bundled packages or sell directly into the digital edition should realize CPMs anywhere between $10 and $15.” And that requires publishers to change the way they look at their digital edition, according to Riggs. “Most publishers look at their digital edition as a cost center when they should look at it as a profit center,” he said. “Some publishers really don’t know how to get their arms around the ad selling end of this. We’re trying to help provide a framework for what to sell and how to sell.”last_img read more

REMAG Pilot Program to Launch in December

first_imgREMAG’s sprawling and multi-faceted kiosk program would not be easy to announce in two to three words on a newsstand magazine cover. In fact, it would be hard to explain in 25 words or less. It’s new, fresh, innovative and, from a blogger’s point of view, a little complicated. But the program is, in fact, all about the newsstand sales of magazines, so it deserves our attention and comprehension.REMAG’s Blake Patterson called me to give me an update on the program. Since I blogged about this last year, REMAG has added a step. The program works like this:1) Remag sets up a magazine recycling kiosk in participating retail stores.2) A store customer brings a magazine back to the kiosk for recycling.3) When the magazine is entered into the kiosk a screen comes up listing some local charities and schools from which to choose.4) After the charity is chosen a coupon screen comes up. The customer may select four coupons from the categories of choice.5) The coupons are printed from the kiosk with the code for the donation embedded in the coupon.6) After each coupon is redeemed, a nickel goes to the charity that the customer has chosen. More on this topic David Refkin Newsstand Drops 11 Percent in Q1 While Bookazines See Gains Consumer Magazines Take Major Newsstand Hit ABC: Bumpy First Half For Consumer Magazine Circ, Newsstand Newsstand Drivers Bauer Takes Beating at NewsstandJust In TIME Names New Sales, Marketing Leads | People on the Move Editor & Publisher Magazine Sold to Digital Media Consultant This Just In: Magazines Are Not TV Networks Shanker Out, Litterick In as CEO of EnsembleIQ Four More Execs Depart SourceMedia in Latest Restructuring Meredith Corp. Makes Digital-Side Promotions | People on the MovePowered by Since a customer can redeem up to four coupons per magazine recycled, that means that a potential donation of 20 cents will go to charity for each recycled copy. That charitable donation is currently paid directly by REMAG, who believes in this model enough to subsidize it.When I first blogged about REMAG’s idea, the response from my readers was enthusiastic. They called it a fantastic idea, bringing sustainability into the realm of print publishing, not only by recycling the product but by incentivizing the further sale of magazines. SEE ALSO: Can Magazine Recycling Boost Retail Sales? I liked the idea because we badly needed then, as we do now, something new in our world, something positive and forward-looking. The REMAG model seemed promising. It still looks promising, combining, as it does, magazine sales, sustainability and charitable donations—or, as Patterson puts it, three great stories to tell.“We’ve always spoken about a magazine purchase as a value proposition extending beyond the purchase itself,” said Patterson. “This adds massive value to the transaction, value that a customer can discover directly, by walking over to the kiosk and finding the coupons and charitable donations available.”Given how ambitious the program is, it’s no surprise that it has taken a full year to launch the pilot. But launched it finally will be, in eight News-Group-serviced Save Mart/Lucky stores starting in December. There will be two kiosks per location, one per entrance. And the EPA itself has reached out to REMAG to start a program in Puerto Rico, where landfill space is running out. As a result, REMAG is setting up a pilot in three Super Max locations in Puerto Rico starting in February 2013.What REMAG is looking for from the publishing community now, as they were a year ago, is visibility, participation, and support. How can we as an industry build magazine sales through this? How much can we boost newsstand sales from the entire category by, for example, having a generic coupon for all magazines? Or for all the magazines published by a single multi-title publisher? And a final great question: What more can the rest of us do to help?SEE ALSO: Magazine Publishers Family Literacy Project last_img read more

HOT OFF THE PRESS Read Wilmington Senior Centers October Newsletter

first_imgWILMINGTON, MA — Read the Wilmington Senior Center’s October 2018 Newsletter HERE.Highlights from the latest “Buzzell Buzz” include:Notes from Elderly Services Director Terri MarcielloInformation on the Community Teamwork’s Fuel Assistance ProgramInformation about upcoming events, including: Fire Safety & Prevention Month Event; Meditation Classes; Grand Opening of “Our Moment Cafe;” Visit to Wilmington Arts Council; the Buzz Book Club; the Caregivers Support Group; Wilmington Has Talent Holiday Edition; Fire & Fall Prevention Program; Homestead Seminar; Game Night; Pumpkin Decorating; and Doris’ Craft CornerInformation about: Birthdays, Condolences, Guess Who Contest?, and Get Well Wishes.The Senior Center’s October Calendar of EventsLike Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedHOT OFF THE PRESS: Read Wilmington Senior Center’s September NewsletterIn “Community”HOT OFF THE PRESS: Read Wilmington Senior Center’s August NewsletterIn “Community”HOT OFF THE PRESS: Read Wilmington Senior Center’s July NewsletterIn “Community”last_img read more