Blown leads cause for concern for SMB coach Austria

first_imgOSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ’a duplicitous move’ – Lacson View comments Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next That’s what coach Leo Austria is trying to figure out as he hopes that there won’t be any more letups for the Beermen once the new year rings.“I’m so very curious about this. That’s the tendency of the players usually. It’s human nature. Sometimes, you’re leading and you’re playing well in the first half and they think that it’s going to be an easy ride going to the last minute of the fourth quarter. But that’s not always going to be the case,” he said.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSan Miguel erected double-digit leads in their first two games this conference, taking a 19-point lead in its opener against Phoenix last week and this time, grabbing a 22-point advantage against Meralco on Wednesday.Both times, however, the Beermen blew those leads before holding on to win in the end. Fajardo admits having a hard time vs Bono Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netANTIPOLO — Knowing how strong San Miguel is, it’s almost a given that the defending three-time Philippine Cup champion will race up the scoreboard and gain a large lead, as evidenced by its first two games this conference.Preserving that lead, however, is another story.ADVERTISEMENT Redemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie Thompson Scottie Thompson also worthy of Finals MVP, thinks Cone Meralco ‘never the same’ after Almazan injury in PBA Finals Brian Heruela arrival bolsters Phoenix backcourt, defense OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ’a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award LATEST STORIES Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina And that’s the reason why Austria specifically pointed out the game against the Bolts as a “tough test” for his team, knowing how good Meralco is especially with coach Norman Black calling the shots.“If you remember their first game against Blackwater, they were down by 14 points and all of a sudden in the second half, they were able to come back. It almost happened tonight too,” he said moments after San Miguel’s 103-97 win over Meralco at Ynares Center here.“It’s a good lesson for us and it’s a good test because if you’re up against a team with a great coach in coach Norman, you cannot rest until the buzzer sounds at the end of the game.”Austria is hopeful that these tests would serve as valuable lessons for his team in the long run as they continue their quest for a fourth straight all-Filipino title.“Right now, I’m trying to maximize our potential and with our first two games, we keep on learning. We know our strengths and our weaknesses and in tonight’s game, we saw what our weaknesses are which was exploited by coach Norman. Fortunately, the players really wanted to win,” he said.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anewlast_img read more

Pedestrian killed at Ruby identified as NWD labourer

first_imgThe pedestrian who was killed by two drunken drivers along the Ruby Public Road, East Bank Essequibo was identified as 44-year-old Shurman Daniels of Kamwatta, North West District (NWD). The man’s body was positively identified by his sister.It was reported that the now dead man was walking in the centre of the road when he was struck down by motor cars PRR 459 and PWW 6353. Both drivers were reportedly under the influence of alcohol at the time of the fatal accident.It was reported that motor car PRR 459 was proceeding west along the roadway when it struck down the pedestrian. In addition, another car, PWW 6353, which was also proceeding in the same direction, hit Daniels.Public-spirited residents reportedly picked up the pedestrian and rushed him to the Leonora Cottage Hospital, but he was pronounced dead on arrival. Both drivers were taken into custody and were found to be above the legal limit of alcohol consumption.The Police on Sunday confirmed that the drivers remained in custody and were expected to be charged soon.last_img read more

Mother should be incarcerated – psychologist

first_imgMurdered 3-year-old…but should also receive necessary treatmentIn light of the recent tragedy where three-year-old Ramdeo Ferriera of Lot 585 15th Street, Foulis, East Coast Demerara (ECD) was brutally stabbed to death by his mother; Psychologist, Dr Dawn Stewart is holding out that the woman should be incarcerated for committing the heinous crime.In the same breath, she added that the woman should be psychologically evaluated and the necessary treatment provided.Weighing in on the issue, Stewart told Guyana Times that it is a form of mental illness to believe that it is in the best interest for someone’s child or children to die.“There is a category of mental illness where a parent can suffer a psychotic episode and actually believe that it is in the child’s best interest to die” the doctor disclosed.The psychologist stated that these episodes such as maltreatment, overzealous discipline or neglect could be brought on as a result of severe depression or worry in addition to other factors.Making an inference, Dr Stewart explained “Things could be such like, parents that are angry over another parent that would prompt them to want to kill their child… the signs are in most cases persons are depressed, they are worried about something, they are fermented so to speak but most of the times; they are under a great amount of stress”.The psychologist further noted that another sign that should be searched for to determine whether someone indeed suffered a mental episode is the fact that the frustration in most cases is usually directed to children under the age of five.She explained “Sometimes the child’s death is not to be the goal of the parental action but it is an action of the parent to kill the child and usually, these children are under the age of five. Often times, they beat them to death rather than actually stabbing or shooting them. An actual psychotic episode brought on by some schizophrenia or some postpartum depression or some type of depression could also lead to that… those are some of the things that you see in research that actually coordinate with the killing of children”.However, Dr Stewart posited that if found guilty of the crime, they should be incarcerated but should also have a psychological assessment…“not to deter the incarceration but to assist them in knowing what type of treatment is needed”.It was reported that the lad was killed after his mother pursued him with a knife and later stabbed him to his neck and back.He was rushed to the Georgetown Public Hospital (GPHC) by ranks attached to the Enmore Police Outpost who were called to the scene by neighbours who were informed of what transpired by the child’s four-year-old brother but succumbed to his injuries at around 12:00h.His 26-year-old mother, Brenda Ferreira, after her arrest told Police that she dreamt she was going to die on Saturday and as such, did not want to leave her favourite child (Ramdeo) behind. As such, she decided to kill him.According to the woman’s 50-year-old reputed husband, Shamlall Mahadeo, his wife started to act strangely on Tuesday last however, after reporting this to the Police, no one showed up.“Since Tuesday night like she start trip out, and she talking all kind of thing and making plenty noise. I went to the Enmore Police Station and report it, and them never come! The neighbours all report it, but (Police) nah come! Them only come after she done kill the boy!That was she favourite one. Just this morning (Saturday) he was telling me ‘Daddy, bye-bye’, when I was going to work,” the man said amidst his tears.He added that his wife was in the habit of neglecting the children, which would cause them to have arguments. The Childcare and Protection Agency (CC&PA) was even called in on one occasion but found no one at home on the day of their visit and never returned to the East Coast home.If incarcerated, the Guyana Prison Service would be unable to treat the young mother as it was recently revealed at a Commission of Inquiry that no resources, financial or human, is available to deal with mentally ill prisoners. (Kizzy Coleman)last_img read more

Mourinho accuses City of lack of ‘education’

first_img0Shares0000Manchester United’s manager Jose Mourinho reportedly had milk thrown in his direction after objecting to Manchester City’s celebrations © AFP/File / Oli SCARFFMANCHESTER, United Kingdom, Dec 12 – Jose Mourinho has accused Manchester City players of a lack of “education” over their celebrations at Old Trafford following Sunday’s derby win.The Manchester United manager was reluctant to speak about the confrontation outside the dressing rooms that followed City’s 2-1 victory at Old Trafford. Mourinho reportedly had milk thrown in his direction after objecting to City’s celebrations.City coach Mikel Arteta is understood to have suffered a cut head in the ensuing row after he was hit by a plastic drinks bottle — although it is not known who threw it.The Football Association has asked both clubs for their observations on the incident and has given them until Wednesday to respond.City manager Pep Guardiola said his players did not over-celebrate following the victory, which put them 11 points clear of second-placed United.But Mourinho, speaking to reporters in Manchester, said: “He says, he says. He says, he says. I am not here to comment on his words.“The only thing I can say is that for me, it was just a question of diversity. Diversity in behaviour, diversity in education. Just that. And nothing more than that.”The United manager attempted to divert several questions about the row, insisting that he wanted to focus on Wednesday’s home match against Bournemouth.“This press conference is pre-Bournemouth, it is not post-Manchester City,” he said. “That was already done.”He admitted that United were keen to make up for Sunday’s defeat, which ended a 40-match unbeaten run on their own ground.“When you lose, you probably have a little bit more desire to win,” he said. “Nobody likes to lose once, nobody wants to lose twice.”But he was adamant that the motivation was only based on wanting to avenge a defeat, and not because it was against City.“We lost against Chelsea and in the next match we had a little bit extra to try to win. Chelsea lost at the weekend, for sure they are going to have in the next match a little bit more to give. I think it’s something that every club in the world has.”Mourinho suggested on Sunday that United’s title challenge was “probably” over but said his players will seek every chance to nibble away at the gap.“We go match after match, one match at a time, try to win the match, try to get the maximum possible points,” he said. “We have the number of points that we have.“Last season we had seven less or eight less than at this moment. So we have to try. Last season we drew at home against Bournemouth. Now let’s try to do better than we did last season.”Defender Marcos Rojo is a doubt for Wednesday’s game after suffering a cut to his head during the match against City.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Ibrahimovic coy over Sweden World Cup return

first_img0Shares0000World Cup dream: Zlatan Ibrahimovic on his first day with the Los Angeles Galaxy on Friday © AFP / Mark RALSTONCARSON, United States, Mar 31 – Zlatan Ibrahimovic refused to rule out his chances of playing for Sweden in the World Cup on Friday as he launched his Major League Soccer career with the Los Angeles Galaxy.The veteran striker is at the centre of a national guessing-game in Sweden over whether he may or may not be brought out of international retirement for this year’s finals in Russia. On Friday as he was unveiled by the Galaxy in California, Ibrahimovic was coy about playing in Russia.“Let me first enjoy it here,” Ibrahimovic said. “What happens here will take it further.“But my focus is on Galaxy, prepare good for Galaxy, be available, help the coach, help the club, whatever they need.“The World Cup is another question. I’ve said it before. Nobody needs to call anybody. If they want, I’m there.”Sweden coach Janne Andersson has so far pointedly resisted the urge to make the first move, saying earlier in March that Zlatan could call him if he wanted to be considered for selection.“Zlatan is very welcome to call me,” Andersson said, hinting he would not take the initiative.Ibrahimovic however declined to clarify his hopes however when asked Friday if he wanted to play in the World Cup.“Let’s keep them on their toes,” the striker said. “Let’s see. Because they’re all talking about whether I should go or if I should not go. Because they have it good, they have it bad. But so far they didn’t win nothing.“And I know how to win.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Health-care bill veto set

first_imgBy Laura Kurtzman THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SACRAMENTO – Democrats on Monday passed a health-care bill that Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger has pledged to veto, just hours after he said he was going to call a special session to work out a deal. Health care is the Republican governor’s top priority this year, but he has been unable to persuade Democrats or members of his own party to accept his approach to covering millions of uninsured Californians. The special session will buy him time to work something out with the Democratic majority. Otherwise, lawmakers would leave town this week and conclude their business for the year. Massachusetts passed universal health care last year, and Schwarzenegger announced his own plan last January. The eventual outcome in California, the nation’s most populous state, could have implications for the presidential campaign. The two sides are at odds over how to pay for the coverage expansion. The governor puts most of the burden on individuals, with a plan in which all but the poorest would have to buy health insurance. Democrats want employers to pay more of the cost. Schwarzenegger issued his veto threat before the Assembly voted on AB8. “I applaud all the hard work that has gone into efforts to reform California’s health-care system, but I cannot sign AB8 because it would only put more pressure on an already broken health-care system,” he said in a statement. The bill passed on a largely party-line vote, although some Democrats in each house either voted against it or abstained. Republicans unanimously opposed it. The bill passed the state Senate 22-17; the Assembly 45-31. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

ULSTER LADIES SFC: BRILLIANT TERMON CROWNED ULSTER CHAMPIONS AFTER EPIC VICTORY

first_imgGeraldine McLaughlin scored an incredible four-goals to ensure Termon won the Ulster title this afternoon. Pic by Jerome Quinn.Four goals from the outstanding Geraldine McLaughlin ensured Termon won the Ulster SFC title in Brewster Park this afternoon.Termon were pushed to the pin of the collar by Donaghmoyne who were at one stage trailing by eight points but fought back brilliantly.Termon blitzed Donaghmoyne early on, and led by eight points, but Donaghmoyne showed tremendous resilience to fight back and edged their way back in the game. They reduced the deficit to four points at the interval.Half-time score Termon 2-06 Donaghmoyne 1-05Donaghmoyne continued to press on in the second-half and levelled the game mid-way through the second period.However, the brilliant McLaughlin added another two goals to set Termon on their way. Donaghmoyne hit back with a late goal to set-up a nervy finish but Termon held on to be crowned Ulster champions.Final score Termon 4-07 Donaghmoyne 3-08ULSTER LADIES SFC: BRILLIANT TERMON CROWNED ULSTER CHAMPIONS AFTER EPIC VICTORY was last modified: November 2nd, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:DonaghmoyneGAAnewsSportTermonUlster SFClast_img read more

Football Travels To Dayton On Saturday

first_img Tickets Live Stats Print Friendly Version Audio Story Linkscenter_img Drake Game Notes The Drake University football team travels to Dayton, Ohio on Saturday to take on PFL foe Dayton. Saturday’s contest will be the 33rd all-time meeting between the Bulldogs and the Flyers. Dayton leads the series, 24-8, but the Bulldogs have taken the last three meetings. Drake hasn’t fared well at Welcome Stadium as the Bulldogs are 4-11 all-time at Dayton. Defending co-champions Dayton was picked second in the PFL Preseason Poll and are coming off 34-22 lost at defending co-champions San Diego. Dayton has one of the top punters in the nation, Sean Smith, who ranks 10th in the country with a 43.2-yard average. Smith has recorded six punts over 50 yards and placed five inside the 20-yard line. The Flyers’ offense is led by quarterback Alex Jeske, who has gained 162 yards rushing to go with his 749 passing yards. Jeske has only completed 49 percent of his passes (55-of-111) this season, but has struggled the last two weeks as he completed just 21-of-53. David Leisring is one of the Flyers top defensive performers as he has tallied 25 tackles and leads the team with three interceptions. The Bulldogs enter Saturday’s game with a 2-2 record and opened their Pioneer Football League schedule with a 30-28 victory over Morehead State last week. The Flyers began PFL action with a 34-22 setback at San Diego. The Bulldogs have a one-two punch in the backfield with running backs Conley Wilkins and Drew Lauer. Wilkins leads the team with 293 rushing yards and four touchdowns. Wilkins has scored at least one touchdown in five of his last six games, dating back to last season. Lauer is averaging 5.5 yards per carry for a total of 188 yards on 34 touches. For the second straight year, fifth-year senior Eric Saubert is leading the Bulldogs in receiving. In the first four games of the 2016 season, he has racked up 332 receiving yard on 24 receptions and three touchdowns. Last year, he caught 55 passes for 506 yards receiving and nine touchdowns. Video last_img read more

Plenty to see and do at the Review

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Farmers and producers can gain a sharper edge and glean cutting-edge ideas from experts from the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University during this year’s Farm Science Review.The FSR will again emphasize the best agricultural research, resources, information and access for farmers, said Chuck Gamble, who manages the show. Last year, the FSR offered 180 educational presentations and opportunities presented by Ohio State University Extension educators, specialists and faculty, as well as Purdue University educators.The event is all about learning new tips, techniques and information to help producers increase their farm operation’s bottom line, Gamble said.“As we encounter challenging economic times, it becomes even more important for farmers and producers to find the best information for their farm operations to remain solvent and to thrive,” he said. “We farmers have to operate as smart as we can in a challenging economy.“Attending Farm Science Review can help farmers align their farm operations with better, smarter decisions.”Following the theme, “Sharp ideas, sharp equipment and sharp results,” some of the issues participants can expect to learn more about include the agriculture economy, grain markets, land values and cash rents, Gamble said.“Because we’ve had a good planting season so far, it will likely lead to lower prices — that’s the challenge growers are facing right now,” he said. “Lower grain prices are causing farmers to seek ways to lower costs, improve efficiencies and to improve marketing.“OSU Extension agricultural economists will be talking about what farmers should expect and also looking at the impact of U.S. Department of Agriculture commodity programs and crop insurance.”The FSR will also offer information on water quality and how producers and growers can comply with new Ohio laws in that area, Gamble said.These issues are just a sampling of the topics participants can expect to learn about during the three-day farm trade show that annually draws more than 130,000 farmers, growers, producers and agricultural enthusiasts from across the U.S. and Canada.The FSR now in its 53rd year, is nationally known as Ohio’s premier agricultural event, Gamble said.Sponsored by CFAES, the Review features educational workshops, presentations, demonstrations and educational opportunities delivered by experts from OSU Extension and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.Participants can peruse 4,000 product lines from 620 commercial exhibitors and capitalize on educational opportunities from Ohio State and Purdue specialists.Other Review highlights include:Plot demonstrations by members of the OSU Extension Agronomic Crops Team on corn, soybean, cover crops and bio-energy crops in plots established at the eastern edge of the Review exhibit area. The plots are just outside Gate C near the main entrance gate.Daily field demonstrations in the fields north of Interstate 70. “We should have very robust field demonstrations,” Gamble said. A comprehensive demonstration of an unmanned aerial system for real-time crop surveillance. Used as another tool in the farmer’s precision agriculture toolbox, the drones can be used to provide useful local site-specific data including crop scouting and geo-referencing. This allows growers to monitor pesticides dispersion and fertilizer usage and to monitor crop health parameters including soil moisture.“This year will be the most concerted effort we’ve had in terms of offering information on drones, as they are even more important for farmers now,” Gamble said. “The Ohio-Indiana UAS Complex and Test Center is assisting with obtaining the Certificates of Authorization (COA) to fly drones for the demonstrations.“We will have up to five companies that offer drone technology that will participate in the demonstrations. We will also transmit video from the drones on a large monitor for participants to view. That industry is ready to take off and we are aligned for the most robust demonstrations.”Gwynne Conservation Area.Called “the Gwynne” for short, the site’s 67 acres of prairie, woods and waters showcase a range of conservation practices year-round and, during the FSR, will host dozens of talks and exhibits on trees, ponds, wildlife and similar topics.Visiting the Gwynne and attending the talks is included with admission. Free shuttle wagon rides are available to and from the Gwynne.“The intent is that landowners interested in conservation practices can see them here ‘on the land’ and decide if they’re a good fit for their property,” said Kathy Smith, organizer of this year’s Gwynne activities during the Review and forestry program coordinator in the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University. The college is the FSR’s sponsor.Those practices include planting trees, managing ponds, managing wildlife, and simply getting to know the plants, birds, mammals and more that call Ohio home. Talks in the Gwynne, given by CFAES experts and others, will cover such topics as deer exclusion fences; tree identification; pond management, especially aerating the water and controlling aquatic vegetation; and the environmental impacts of shale oil and gas drilling. Find a complete list of topics, times and speakers at go.osu.edu/FSRgwynne2015.In the relative calm of the Gwynne, breezes blow through big bluestem prairie grass, bluebirds perch on nest boxes, bluegills dimple the surface of ponds, and Deer Creek burbles beneath tall trees.“As a forester, I’m happy to show people how planting small seedlings eventually leads to large trees,” Smith said. “This is demonstrated in many of our tree planting areas but especially in the hardwood and walnut plantings along Deer Creek.“Those are some of my favorite places on the property. Gotta love the shade!”In the big picture, Smith said, good conservation is a fit with good farming.“From a forestry perspective, for example, a healthy woodland can provide an income for the farm that can help promote other conservation practices,” she said. “Trees are an agricultural crop. They just have a longer rotation than corn and soybeans.”Question the authorities at the Farm Science ReviewWhether it’s questions about how this summer’s record flooding will impact grain prices or whether drones can be used legally to scout agriculture fields, the answers to these and more will be available from experts with the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) at The Ohio State University during Farm Science Review.In fact, 53 presentations will be offered by experts from Ohio State University Extension, the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Ohio State’s College of Veterinary Medicine and Purdue University during the Review’s “Question the Authorities” question-and-answer sessions offered daily at the three-day agricultural trade show, said Stan Ernst, an OSU Extension specialist who will moderate the sessions.“Question the Authorities” offers participants the opportunity to ask a range of general or technical questions related to their farm enterprise and offers an easy way for producers to interact with Ohio State and Purdue experts, Ernst said.“The presentations focus on business, economic and policy concerns as well as current topics that impact agriculture,” he said. “The sessions are a way to get farmers, growers, producers and others a chance to hear directly from university experts on topics that have a financial impact.”The presentations are broken up into 20-minute sessions, which allows the speakers enough time to get their message across and answer questions from the audience and then move to the next topic, Ernst said.“A goal of the program is to try to plant ideas and get people to be thinking about the issues that are coming down the pike and how they can impact their operations,” he said. “We want to connect farmers and producers with university experts so that they can not only pick up some management tips that can help them on their farm but to also plant ideas that will have them dig some more as they make their management decisions.”Some of the other “Question the Authorities” topics will include:• Managing your farm in an economic downturn.• Grain outlook.• Current veterinary concerns.• Food prices.• Farm economy and policy.• Drones in agriculture: Know the law.• Farmland prices and rental rates.• Profitable pricing for farm products.• Poultry health. public concern?• Growing beer (hops and barley) in Ohio.• Estate planning.• Managing farm labor.• Is the farm balance sheet in trouble?• Farming the bottom line with drones.• Crop budgets.• Business succession planning.• Controlling spread of disease outbreaks.More information can be found at fsr.osu.edu.last_img read more

Removal and recovery of phosphorus from animal manure

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient for crops. However, widespread use of phosphorus has unbalanced the global phosphorus cycle. High quality supplies of minable phosphate may be exhausted this century and many regions currently lack access to critical phosphorus resources, while others experience environmental problems associated with phosphorus pollution. The latter is the case in Ohio and the Great Lakes region, where widespread use of phosphorus in industry and agriculture has resulted in excess loading of phosphorus in lakes, impacting water quality.Nutrient-rich animal manure is commonly applied to crops, typically in quantities to satisfy the nitrogen (N) requirement of the crop. However, due to low N:P ratios in typical manures, this practice results in application of phosphorus well in excess of crop needs, saturating agricultural soils with phosphorus over time. From the field, rain and erosion carry excess phosphorus to lakes and rivers, causing eutrophication and harmful algal blooms (HABs).In Ohio waters, the yearly recurrence of HABs due to phosphorus pollution has damaged ecosystems, endangered human health, and disrupted lake-dependent businesses. Although not the only contributor, runoff from phosphorus-rich animal manure is an important contributor to the eutrophication of Ohio waters. One of the key strategies for reducing the impact of animal agriculture on water quality is to remove and recover phosphorus from animal manure prior to land application. Efficient recovery of phosphorus from animal manure would also provide an alternative to unsustainable phosphate rock mining.Technologies for phosphorus removal from waste streams, including animal manure, generally fall into one of three categories: physical, chemical or biological methods. Different technologies are often used in combination to provide effective treatment. Many of these strategies have been widely applied for several decades at municipal wastewater treatment facilities, where public funding enables significant investment in phosphorus recovery. However, distinct challenges exist for application of these technologies to animal manure, particularly for the treatment of manure on the farm.In an agricultural context, these techniques are most applicable to highly concentrated point sources of phosphorus, such as slurry from a liquid manure storage lagoon or effluent from an anaerobic digester. Efforts to recover phosphorus from animal manure on the farm have been limited largely by logistical and economic barriers. High equipment and input costs quickly become prohibitive, especially for small farms. It is necessary to develop a phosphorus removal and recovery system suitable for animal manure application.Physical treatment for phosphorus removal is solid-liquid separation, which is designed to concentrate phosphorus in the solid stream while producing a liquid stream for further treatment. Solid-liquid separation can be accomplished by centrifugation or use of mechanical presses such as filter, belt, or screw presses. Polymer flocculants are often utilized to enhance the separation process.For manure, solid-liquid separation is a common first step in the treatment process to remove particle-bound phosphorus as well as fibrous solids or organic matter that may interfere with subsequent treatment. Chemical treatments exploit the natural affinity that exists between phosphorus and certain metal salts, namely iron, aluminum and calcium compounds. Iron (FeSO4, FeCl3) and aluminum compounds (alum, Al(OH)3) can precipitate phosphate quickly and effectively. However, the resulting solids have limited reuse value in agriculture due to toxicity concerns.Lime products (CaO, Ca(OH)­2) and, less commonly, magnesium salts (MgO, MgCl­2) can also be used to precipitate soluble phosphorus as various calcium/magnesium phosphates at alkaline pH. The resulting solids are relatively insoluble, but may be applicable as slow-release fertilizers. High removal efficiencies (greater than 95%) have been reported from animal manure using lime, however, the requirement of high dosages of lime may result in high chemical input/handling costs and excessive sludge generation. Another emerging technique is phosphorus removal via struvite crystallization. Struvite (MgNH4PO4), which can simultaneously recover both N and phosphorus from animal manure as insoluble crystals under controlled conditions, has been reported to have greater than 95% recovery from animal manure. Struvite technology is nearing commercialization, but again chemical input costs may be prohibitive.Quasar energy group, a regional leader in the waste-to-energy industry in Ohio, recently developed a mobile, pilot scale system for removal and recovery of phosphorus from dairy manure. The process involves two solid-liquid separations and one chemical treatment. First, manure slurry from a storage lagoon is centrifuged with the aid of polymer flocculants. The P-rich solids can then be economically exported from a watershed with excess phosphorus and potentially used as fertilizer on cropland, which needs additional P. The liquid stream is further treated with hydrated lime (Ca(OH)2) to remove phosphorus as Ca-P compounds. To complete treatment, the lime slurry is then pumped through a filter press, resulting in another solid product and a treated liquid with low P concentration (less than 1 part per million) suitable for irrigation. Further research and development will focus on improving system efficiency and economic feasibility.last_img read more